Monthly Archives: January 2010

Great Google

I guess I am one of the first men who use Google service, (esp. in China), in the past 10 years  the more I use it, the more I learn from it. I am proud of being a googler and would like to thank its 60 products.

Even though I seldom click G.cn and often complained Google auto-forward me to G.cn, I’d like to take the last chance to say “Thanks谷歌”。

We do not believe the brightness  just because the darkness is all we can see.

Google’s Philosophy:

Ten things we know to be true

“The perfect search engine,” says co-founder Larry Page, “would understand exactly what you mean and give back exactly what you want.” When Google began, you would have been pleasantly surprised to enter a search query and immediately find the right answer. Google became successful precisely because we were better and faster at finding the right answer than other search engines at the time.

But technology has come a long way since then, and the face of the web has changed. Recognizing that search is a problem that will never be solved, we continue to push the limits of existing technology to provide a fast, accurate and easy-to-use service that anyone seeking information can access, whether they’re at a desk in Boston or on a phone in Bangkok. We’ve also taken the lessons we’ve learned from search to tackle even more challenges.

As we keep looking towards the future, these core principles guide our actions.

1. Focus on the user and all else will follow.

Since the beginning, we’ve focused on providing the best user experience possible. Whether we’re designing a new Internet browser or a new tweak to the look of the homepage, we take great care to ensure that they will ultimately serve you, rather than our own internal goal or bottom line. Our homepage interface is clear and simple, and pages load instantly. Placement in search results is never sold to anyone, and advertising is not only clearly marked as such, it offers relevant content and is not distracting. And when we build new tools and applications, we believe they should work so well you don’t have to consider how they might have been designed differently.

2. It’s best to do one thing really, really well.

We do search. With one of the world’s largest research groups focused exclusively on solving search problems, we know what we do well, and how we could do it better. Through continued iteration on difficult problems, we’ve been able to solve complex issues and provide continuous improvements to a service that already makes finding information a fast and seamless experience for millions of people. Our dedication to improving search helps us apply what we’ve learned to new products, like Gmail and Google Maps. Our hope is to bring the power of search to previously unexplored areas, and to help people access and use even more of the ever-expanding information in their lives.

3. Fast is better than slow.

We know your time is valuable, so when you’re seeking an answer on the web you want it right away – and we aim to please. We may be the only people in the world who can say our goal is to have people leave our homepage as quickly as possible. By shaving excess bits and bytes from our pages and increasing the efficiency of our serving environment, we’ve broken our own speed records many times over, so that the average response time on a search result is a fraction of a second. We keep speed in mind with each new product we release, whether it’s a mobile application or Google Chrome, a browser designed to be fast enough for the modern web. And we continue to work on making it all go even faster.

4. Democracy on the web works.

Google search works because it relies on the millions of individuals posting links on websites to help determine which other sites offer content of value. We assess the importance of every web page using more than 200 signals and a variety of techniques, including our patented PageRank™ algorithm, which analyzes which sites have been “voted” to be the best sources of information by other pages across the web. As the web gets bigger, this approach actually improves, as each new site is another point of information and another vote to be counted. In the same vein, we are active in open source software development, where innovation takes place through the collective effort of many programmers.

5. You don’t need to be at your desk to need an answer.

The world is increasingly mobile: people want access to information wherever they are, whenever they need it. We’re pioneering new technologies and offering new solutions for mobile services that help people all over the globe to do any number of tasks on their phone, from checking email and calendar events to watching videos, not to mention the several different ways to access Google search on a phone. In addition, we’re hoping to fuel greater innovation for mobile users everywhere with Android, a free, open source mobile platform. Android brings the openness that shaped the Internet to the mobile world. Not only does Android benefit consumers, who have more choice and innovative new mobile experiences, but it opens up revenue opportunities for carriers, manufacturers and developers.

6. You can make money without doing evil.

Google is a business. The revenue we generate is derived from offering search technology to companies and from the sale of advertising displayed on our site and on other sites across the web. Hundreds of thousands of advertisers worldwide use AdWords to promote their products; hundreds of thousands of publishers take advantage of our AdSense program to deliver ads relevant to their site content. To ensure that we’re ultimately serving all our users (whether they are advertisers or not), we have a set of guiding principles for our advertising programs and practices:

  • We don’t allow ads to be displayed on our results pages unless they are relevant where they are shown. And we firmly believe that ads can provide useful information if, and only if, they are relevant to what you wish to find – so it’s possible that certain searches won’t lead to any ads at all.
  • We believe that advertising can be effective without being flashy. We don’t accept pop-up advertising, which interferes with your ability to see the content you’ve requested. We’ve found that text ads that are relevant to the person reading them draw much higher clickthrough rates than ads appearing randomly. Any advertiser, whether small or large, can take advantage of this highly targeted medium.
  • Advertising on Google is always clearly identified as a “Sponsored Link,” so it does not compromise the integrity of our search results. We never manipulate rankings to put our partners higher in our search results and no one can buy better PageRank. Our users trust our objectivity and no short-term gain could ever justify breaching that trust.

7. There’s always more information out there.

Once we’d indexed more of the HTML pages on the Internet than any other search service, our engineers turned their attention to information that was not as readily accessible. Sometimes it was just a matter of integrating new databases into search, such as adding a phone number and address lookup and a business directory. Other efforts required a bit more creativity, like adding the ability to search news archives, patents, academic journals, billions of images and millions of books. And our researchers continue looking into ways to bring all the world’s information to people seeking answers.

8. The need for information crosses all borders.

Our company was founded in California, but our mission is to facilitate access to information for the entire world, and in every language. To that end, we have offices in dozens of countries, maintain more than 150 Internet domains, and serve more than half of our results to people living outside the United States. We offer Google’s search interface in more than 110 languages, offer people the ability to restrict results to content written in their own language, and aim to provide the rest of our applications and products in as many languages as possible. Using our translation tools, people can discover content written on the other side of the world in languages they don’t speak. With these tools and the help of volunteer translators, we have been able to greatly improve both the variety and quality of services we can offer in even the most far-flung corners of the globe.

9. You can be serious without a suit.

Our founders built Google around the idea that work should be challenging, and the challenge should be fun. We believe that great, creative things are more likely to happen with the right company culture – and that doesn’t just mean lava lamps and rubber balls. There is an emphasis on team achievements and pride in individual accomplishments that contribute to our overall success. We put great stock in our employees – energetic, passionate people from diverse backgrounds with creative approaches to work, play and life. Our atmosphere may be casual, but as new ideas emerge in a café line, at a team meeting or at the gym, they are traded, tested and put into practice with dizzying speed – and they may be the launch pad for a new project destined for worldwide use.

10. Great just isn’t good enough.

We see being great at something as a starting point, not an endpoint. We set ourselves goals we know we can’t reach yet, because we know that by stretching to meet them we can get further than we expected. Through innovation and iteration, we aim to take things that work well and improve upon them in unexpected ways. For example, when one of our engineers saw that search worked well for properly spelled words, he wondered about how it handled typos. That led him to create an intuitive and more helpful spell checker.

Even if you don’t know exactly what you’re looking for, finding an answer on the web is our problem, not yours. We try to anticipate needs not yet articulated by our global audience, and meet them with products and services that set new standards. When we launched Gmail, it had more storage space than any email service available. In retrospect offering that seems obvious – but that’s because now we have new standards for email storage. Those are the kinds of changes we seek to make, and we’re always looking for new places where we can make a difference. Ultimately, our constant dissatisfaction with the way things are becomes the driving force behind everything we do.


Update: We first wrote these “10 things” several years ago. From time to time we revisit this list to see if it still holds true. We hope it does – and you can hold us to that. (September 2009)

http://www.google.com/corporate/tenthings.html

我们的价值观

永不满足,力求最佳
Google 联合创始人拉里·佩奇说,“完美的搜索引擎需要做到确解用户之意,切返用户之需”。 就搜索技术的现状而言,我们需要通过研究、开发和革新来实现长远的发展。 Google 致力于成为这一技术领域的开拓者。 尽管 Google 已是全球公认的业界领先的搜索技术公司,但 Google 的目标是为所有信息搜寻者提供更高标准的服务,无论用户是坐在波士顿的台式机旁,还是正在驾车穿过波恩,或是漫步在曼谷街头。

正是由于这一点,Google 一直在不断追求创新并突破现有的技术限制,为客户提供快速、准确和易用的搜索服务,而不受地点的限制。 要全面了解 Google 的最好方式,就是了解公司用来重新定义个人、企业和技术专家看待互联网的所有方式。

Google 的十大价值观

1. 以用户为中心,其他一切水到渠成。

创建伊始,Google 即以提供最佳的用户体验为中心任务。 虽然很多公司主张客户利益优先,但只有少数能抗拒各种诱惑,大多都会牺牲客户的少量利益来增加股东价值。 Google 的一贯态度是:如果所做的更改不会给网站访问者带来任何好处,则将坚定不移地予以拒绝:

  • 界面清晰易用。
  • 网页加载迅速。
  • 搜索结果的排名绝对不出售给任何人。
  • 网站上的广告必须提供相关内容,不能影响用户的体验。

Google 秉持着用户第一的理念,在网上赢得了最忠实的用户群体。 用户群体的增长并不是通过电视广告活动获得的,而是在用户的交口称颂下实现的。

2. 心无旁骛、精益求精。

Google 要做的就是搜索。 拥有世界上最大的研究队伍之一,心无旁骛地攻克搜索问题,我们知道自己擅长什么,也知道如何可以做得更好。 通过持之以恒地对难题进行反复的探索,我们始终能够解决复杂难题,并不断地改进已被公认为网络上为百万用户提供快捷、完美的信息搜索体验的最佳服务。 我们努力改善搜索服务,这也让我们可以将所学的知识应用于新产品,其中包括 Gmail、Google 桌面和 Google 地图。 在改善搜索服务的同时,我们也在不断推出新产品*,我们的愿望是将搜索的强大功能应用于以前未曾探索的领域,并帮助用户更多地访问及利用其生活中不断扩充的信息。

3. 快比慢好。

Google 相信瞬间带来的喜悦。 您需要解答的时候,往往是希望马上就能得到。 这点是无庸置疑的吧? Google 的目标就是希望用户使用 Google 网站的时间越短越好,这样的公司世界上可能也独一无二。 Google 执著地消减网页多余的空间,不断地提高服务环境的效率,并一次次地打破自己创造的速度记录。 别人认为大型服务器是处理海量数据的最快方式, 但 Google 却发现 PC 机联网速度会更快。 在别人都认为搜索算法会明显限制速度时,Google 却写出了新的算法,证明了速度无限的真理。 Google 一直在不断地努力,让速度再快一点。

4. 网络的民主作风。

Google 之所以成功,原因在于它仰赖数百万向网站发布信息的用户来确定哪些网站提供的内容具有价值。 Google 不依赖一组编辑人员或仅仅根据某个词汇出现的频率来为每个网页评级,而是采用一项突破性技术,即 PageRank™。 PageRank 对一个网页所链接的所有网站进行评估,并为它们分配一个值(在一定程度上参照了与相应网站链接的网站)。 通过分析网络的整体结构,Google 能够确定哪些网站被最对其信息感兴趣的用户“票选”为最佳信息来源。 该技术也会随着网络规模不断增长而改善,因为每一个新网站将成为另一个信息点,同时也是另一张要记入的选票。

5. 获取信息的方式多种多样,不必非要坐在台式机前。

世界的流动性越来越快,人们很难再局限于一个固定的角落。 无论是通过 PDA,还是无线电话,甚至是在汽车里,人们都希望随时获得所需的信息。 Google 在这一领域开发了多种创新技术,其中包括 Google Number Search。通过这一技术,人们从具有上网功能的手机以及即时转换系统(将以 HTML 格式编写的网页转换为手机浏览器可以读取的格式)上查找数据时,可以大大减少键击次数。 借助于这一系统,人们能够从 Palm PDA、Japanese i-mode、J-Sky 和 EZWeb 等原先不能显示网页内容的设备上打开数十亿个网页,查看网页内容。 尽管搜索引擎在任何地方都可以帮助用户找到所需的信息,但 Google 仍然在不断地探索新技术并提供新的解决方案。

6. 不做坏事也能赚钱。

Google 是一个企业。 它通过以下两种方式来获取收入:向其他公司提供 搜索技术;向广告客户提供在 Google 和网络其他网站上投放 广告的服务。 然而,您可能从未在 Google 上看到过广告。 这是因为,除非广告与所显示的搜索结果页内容相关,否则 Google 不允许广告显示在我们的搜索结果页上。 因此,只有某些搜索才会在搜索结果的上方或右侧显示赞助商链接。 Google 坚信,只有当广告与您要查找的内容相关时,才会为您提供有用的信息。

Google 同样也证明了广告不必过分渲染也能够切实有效。 Google 不接受弹出式广告,因为这会干扰用户查看所请求的内容。 我们发现,文字广告 (AdWords) 的内容如果与用户阅读的内容相关,那么所带来的点击率要比随机显示的广告高得多。 Google 的优化小组会与广告客户合作提高广告系列在有效期内的点击率。因为点击率越高,表明广告与用户感兴趣内容的相关性越高。 广告客户可以通过我们的自助式广告服务计划,在数分钟内在线投放广告,也可以在 Google 广告服务代表的帮助下发布广告。但无论是哪种广告投放方式,任何规模的广告客户都可以充分发挥这一针对性强的媒介的优势。

在 Google 上刊登的广告总是明确地标记为“赞助商链接”。 不破坏搜索结果的完整性是 Google 的核心价值观。 我们绝对不会操纵排名位置来将我们的合作伙伴放在搜索结果中排名考前的位置。 没人可以购买更高的 PageRank(网页评级)。 我们的用户信任 Google 的客观公正性,任何短期利益都不能够成为破坏这种信任的理由。

成千上万的广告客户使用我们的 Google AdWords 计划来推广他们的产品,我们相信 AdWords 是同类计划中规模最大的一个。 此外,数千名网站管理人员使用我们的 Google AdSense 计划投放与网站内容相关的广告,借此增加收入和改善用户的体验。

7. 信息永无止境。

当 Google 索引中包含的互联网上的 HTML 网页超过任何其他搜索服务之后,我们的工程师开始将精力转到那些不太容易获得的信息上。 有时只是合并新数据库的问题,如添加电话号码、地址查询以及企业目录。 有时却需要更多的创造性工作,如增添可搜索超过 10 亿张图片的功能,或增添查看原始格式为 PDF 文件的网页方式。 由于 PDF 格式的大量使用,我们需要扩展所搜索的文件类型的列表,以支持使用 Microsoft Word、Excel 和 PowerPoint 等多种格式创建的文档。 为了满足无线用户的需要,Google 开发了一种独一无二的技术,可将 HTML 格式的文件转换为移动设备可读取的格式。 该列表维护工作不会就此终止,因为 Google 的研究人员将持续不断地探索新的方式,将全球范围内的所有信息提供给寻找答案的用户。

8. 信息需求,没有国界。

尽管 Google 的总部位于加利福尼亚州,但我们的办事处遍布全球,我们的宗旨是帮助全世界的用户获得所需的信息。 为了实现这一目标,我们维护着十多个互联网域;在我们所提供的搜索结果中,超过一半是提供给美国境外的用户。 用户可以根据自己的喜好,从 Google 支持的 35 种语言中任选一种来展示搜索结果。 此外,我们还提供翻译功能,无论用户的母语是哪种语言,都可以搜索到所需的内容;不喜欢使用英语搜索的用户可以有100 多种语言用来自定义 Google 界面。 为了更快地补充新语种,Google 为志愿者提供机会帮助做一些翻译工作,Google.com 网站上提供了供翻译使用的 自动工具。 这一流程大大改善了我们为用户(甚至位于地球上最偏远角落的用户)提供的服务多样性和质量。

9. 没有西装革履也可以很正经。

Google 的创始人一再强调公司所重视的惟有搜索。 他们秉承着“工作赋予挑战,挑战带来快乐”的理念创建了 Google。 正是由于这一点,Google 的企业文化不同于其他的美国公司,但这并不是因为公司里无所不在的熔岩灯和大健身球,也不在于公司的主厨曾为著名乐队 Grateful Dead 掌勺。 就像 Google 的线上服务始终将用户放在首位一样,Googleplex 总部的日常生活也是将自己的员工放在首位。 我们重视团队成绩,并以对促成公司全面成功的个人成就为荣。 于是,新的创意和想法不断以令人目眩的速度在彼此之间交流并投入实际应用。 其他公司的会议可能会占用几个小时,而在这里通常只要在排队购买午餐时,聊上几句就能解决;编程代码的人员和编写检查程序的人员之间也几乎不存在屏障。 这种畅所欲言的环境提高了员工的工作效率,并促进了员工之间的友情,而这种氛围又因为数百万的人们对 Google 搜索结果的信赖而变得更加浓厚。 您只要为想要有所作为的员工提供适当的工具,他们定然不负您的期望。

10. 没有最好,只有更好。

所提供的服务始终超出人们的预期。 Google 不会把最好看作是终点,而是全新的起点。 通过创新和反复探索,Google 选择行之有效的技术,并以异乎寻常的方式不断进行改进。 搜索对于拼写正确的文字没有问题,对于拼写错误的文字会怎样呢? 我们的工程师透视用户的需求并相应地开发错别字改正程序,就像知道用户在想什么一样。 在 WAP 手机上进行搜索时的时间太长? 我们的无线技术部门开发了 Google Number Search,将每个字母击键三次减少为只击一次。 尽管我们的客户群体数以百万计,Google 仍然能够迅速找到发生冲突的位置,随即加以解决。 但是,Google 与众不同的一点,就是在全球用户还未明确意识到自己的需求之前便能抢先做出周密考虑,并开发出富于创新的工具和产品来满足他们的需要。 这种永不满足现状的态度就是我们能成为世界上最佳搜索引擎背后的终极驱动力量。


* 全文更新: 在四年前我们首次写下“十大价值观”时,我们曾经说过,“Google 不做星座预测,不做财经咨询,也不做聊天”。 随着时间的推移,我们拓展了可以提供的服务范围(例如,网络搜索并不是人们访问或使用信息的唯一方式),还有那些当时看来似乎不可能的产品现在却已成为我们整个计划中至关重要的环节。 这并不是说我们改变了核心任务;只是我们越是朝这个目标前进,地平线上那些看似模糊的目标也变得越为清晰(当然,也会出现更模糊的目标。)

http://www.google.com/intl/zh-CN/corporate/tenthings.html

Great Google

I guess I am one of the first men who use Google service, (esp. in China), in the past 10 years  the more I use it, the more I learn from it. I am proud of being a googler and would like to thank its 60 products.

Even though I seldom click G.cn and often complained Google auto-forward me to G.cn, I’d like to take the last chance to say “Thanks谷歌”。

We do not believe the brightness  just because the darkness is all we can see.

Google’s Philosophy:

Ten things we know to be true

“The perfect search engine,” says co-founder Larry Page, “would understand exactly what you mean and give back exactly what you want.” When Google began, you would have been pleasantly surprised to enter a search query and immediately find the right answer. Google became successful precisely because we were better and faster at finding the right answer than other search engines at the time.

But technology has come a long way since then, and the face of the web has changed. Recognizing that search is a problem that will never be solved, we continue to push the limits of existing technology to provide a fast, accurate and easy-to-use service that anyone seeking information can access, whether they’re at a desk in Boston or on a phone in Bangkok. We’ve also taken the lessons we’ve learned from search to tackle even more challenges.

As we keep looking towards the future, these core principles guide our actions.

1. Focus on the user and all else will follow.

Since the beginning, we’ve focused on providing the best user experience possible. Whether we’re designing a new Internet browser or a new tweak to the look of the homepage, we take great care to ensure that they will ultimately serve you, rather than our own internal goal or bottom line. Our homepage interface is clear and simple, and pages load instantly. Placement in search results is never sold to anyone, and advertising is not only clearly marked as such, it offers relevant content and is not distracting. And when we build new tools and applications, we believe they should work so well you don’t have to consider how they might have been designed differently.

2. It’s best to do one thing really, really well.

We do search. With one of the world’s largest research groups focused exclusively on solving search problems, we know what we do well, and how we could do it better. Through continued iteration on difficult problems, we’ve been able to solve complex issues and provide continuous improvements to a service that already makes finding information a fast and seamless experience for millions of people. Our dedication to improving search helps us apply what we’ve learned to new products, like Gmail and Google Maps. Our hope is to bring the power of search to previously unexplored areas, and to help people access and use even more of the ever-expanding information in their lives.

3. Fast is better than slow.

We know your time is valuable, so when you’re seeking an answer on the web you want it right away – and we aim to please. We may be the only people in the world who can say our goal is to have people leave our homepage as quickly as possible. By shaving excess bits and bytes from our pages and increasing the efficiency of our serving environment, we’ve broken our own speed records many times over, so that the average response time on a search result is a fraction of a second. We keep speed in mind with each new product we release, whether it’s a mobile application or Google Chrome, a browser designed to be fast enough for the modern web. And we continue to work on making it all go even faster.

4. Democracy on the web works.

Google search works because it relies on the millions of individuals posting links on websites to help determine which other sites offer content of value. We assess the importance of every web page using more than 200 signals and a variety of techniques, including our patented PageRank™ algorithm, which analyzes which sites have been “voted” to be the best sources of information by other pages across the web. As the web gets bigger, this approach actually improves, as each new site is another point of information and another vote to be counted. In the same vein, we are active in open source software development, where innovation takes place through the collective effort of many programmers.

5. You don’t need to be at your desk to need an answer.

The world is increasingly mobile: people want access to information wherever they are, whenever they need it. We’re pioneering new technologies and offering new solutions for mobile services that help people all over the globe to do any number of tasks on their phone, from checking email and calendar events to watching videos, not to mention the several different ways to access Google search on a phone. In addition, we’re hoping to fuel greater innovation for mobile users everywhere with Android, a free, open source mobile platform. Android brings the openness that shaped the Internet to the mobile world. Not only does Android benefit consumers, who have more choice and innovative new mobile experiences, but it opens up revenue opportunities for carriers, manufacturers and developers.

6. You can make money without doing evil.

Google is a business. The revenue we generate is derived from offering search technology to companies and from the sale of advertising displayed on our site and on other sites across the web. Hundreds of thousands of advertisers worldwide use AdWords to promote their products; hundreds of thousands of publishers take advantage of our AdSense program to deliver ads relevant to their site content. To ensure that we’re ultimately serving all our users (whether they are advertisers or not), we have a set of guiding principles for our advertising programs and practices:

  • We don’t allow ads to be displayed on our results pages unless they are relevant where they are shown. And we firmly believe that ads can provide useful information if, and only if, they are relevant to what you wish to find – so it’s possible that certain searches won’t lead to any ads at all.
  • We believe that advertising can be effective without being flashy. We don’t accept pop-up advertising, which interferes with your ability to see the content you’ve requested. We’ve found that text ads that are relevant to the person reading them draw much higher clickthrough rates than ads appearing randomly. Any advertiser, whether small or large, can take advantage of this highly targeted medium.
  • Advertising on Google is always clearly identified as a “Sponsored Link,” so it does not compromise the integrity of our search results. We never manipulate rankings to put our partners higher in our search results and no one can buy better PageRank. Our users trust our objectivity and no short-term gain could ever justify breaching that trust.

7. There’s always more information out there.

Once we’d indexed more of the HTML pages on the Internet than any other search service, our engineers turned their attention to information that was not as readily accessible. Sometimes it was just a matter of integrating new databases into search, such as adding a phone number and address lookup and a business directory. Other efforts required a bit more creativity, like adding the ability to search news archives, patents, academic journals, billions of images and millions of books. And our researchers continue looking into ways to bring all the world’s information to people seeking answers.

8. The need for information crosses all borders.

Our company was founded in California, but our mission is to facilitate access to information for the entire world, and in every language. To that end, we have offices in dozens of countries, maintain more than 150 Internet domains, and serve more than half of our results to people living outside the United States. We offer Google’s search interface in more than 110 languages, offer people the ability to restrict results to content written in their own language, and aim to provide the rest of our applications and products in as many languages as possible. Using our translation tools, people can discover content written on the other side of the world in languages they don’t speak. With these tools and the help of volunteer translators, we have been able to greatly improve both the variety and quality of services we can offer in even the most far-flung corners of the globe.

9. You can be serious without a suit.

Our founders built Google around the idea that work should be challenging, and the challenge should be fun. We believe that great, creative things are more likely to happen with the right company culture – and that doesn’t just mean lava lamps and rubber balls. There is an emphasis on team achievements and pride in individual accomplishments that contribute to our overall success. We put great stock in our employees – energetic, passionate people from diverse backgrounds with creative approaches to work, play and life. Our atmosphere may be casual, but as new ideas emerge in a café line, at a team meeting or at the gym, they are traded, tested and put into practice with dizzying speed – and they may be the launch pad for a new project destined for worldwide use.

10. Great just isn’t good enough.

We see being great at something as a starting point, not an endpoint. We set ourselves goals we know we can’t reach yet, because we know that by stretching to meet them we can get further than we expected. Through innovation and iteration, we aim to take things that work well and improve upon them in unexpected ways. For example, when one of our engineers saw that search worked well for properly spelled words, he wondered about how it handled typos. That led him to create an intuitive and more helpful spell checker.

Even if you don’t know exactly what you’re looking for, finding an answer on the web is our problem, not yours. We try to anticipate needs not yet articulated by our global audience, and meet them with products and services that set new standards. When we launched Gmail, it had more storage space than any email service available. In retrospect offering that seems obvious – but that’s because now we have new standards for email storage. Those are the kinds of changes we seek to make, and we’re always looking for new places where we can make a difference. Ultimately, our constant dissatisfaction with the way things are becomes the driving force behind everything we do.


Update: We first wrote these “10 things” several years ago. From time to time we revisit this list to see if it still holds true. We hope it does – and you can hold us to that. (September 2009)

http://www.google.com/corporate/tenthings.html

我们的价值观

永不满足,力求最佳
Google 联合创始人拉里·佩奇说,“完美的搜索引擎需要做到确解用户之意,切返用户之需”。 就搜索技术的现状而言,我们需要通过研究、开发和革新来实现长远的发展。 Google 致力于成为这一技术领域的开拓者。 尽管 Google 已是全球公认的业界领先的搜索技术公司,但 Google 的目标是为所有信息搜寻者提供更高标准的服务,无论用户是坐在波士顿的台式机旁,还是正在驾车穿过波恩,或是漫步在曼谷街头。

正是由于这一点,Google 一直在不断追求创新并突破现有的技术限制,为客户提供快速、准确和易用的搜索服务,而不受地点的限制。 要全面了解 Google 的最好方式,就是了解公司用来重新定义个人、企业和技术专家看待互联网的所有方式。

Google 的十大价值观

1. 以用户为中心,其他一切水到渠成。

创建伊始,Google 即以提供最佳的用户体验为中心任务。 虽然很多公司主张客户利益优先,但只有少数能抗拒各种诱惑,大多都会牺牲客户的少量利益来增加股东价值。 Google 的一贯态度是:如果所做的更改不会给网站访问者带来任何好处,则将坚定不移地予以拒绝:

  • 界面清晰易用。
  • 网页加载迅速。
  • 搜索结果的排名绝对不出售给任何人。
  • 网站上的广告必须提供相关内容,不能影响用户的体验。

Google 秉持着用户第一的理念,在网上赢得了最忠实的用户群体。 用户群体的增长并不是通过电视广告活动获得的,而是在用户的交口称颂下实现的。

2. 心无旁骛、精益求精。

Google 要做的就是搜索。 拥有世界上最大的研究队伍之一,心无旁骛地攻克搜索问题,我们知道自己擅长什么,也知道如何可以做得更好。 通过持之以恒地对难题进行反复的探索,我们始终能够解决复杂难题,并不断地改进已被公认为网络上为百万用户提供快捷、完美的信息搜索体验的最佳服务。 我们努力改善搜索服务,这也让我们可以将所学的知识应用于新产品,其中包括 Gmail、Google 桌面和 Google 地图。 在改善搜索服务的同时,我们也在不断推出新产品*,我们的愿望是将搜索的强大功能应用于以前未曾探索的领域,并帮助用户更多地访问及利用其生活中不断扩充的信息。

3. 快比慢好。

Google 相信瞬间带来的喜悦。 您需要解答的时候,往往是希望马上就能得到。 这点是无庸置疑的吧? Google 的目标就是希望用户使用 Google 网站的时间越短越好,这样的公司世界上可能也独一无二。 Google 执著地消减网页多余的空间,不断地提高服务环境的效率,并一次次地打破自己创造的速度记录。 别人认为大型服务器是处理海量数据的最快方式, 但 Google 却发现 PC 机联网速度会更快。 在别人都认为搜索算法会明显限制速度时,Google 却写出了新的算法,证明了速度无限的真理。 Google 一直在不断地努力,让速度再快一点。

4. 网络的民主作风。

Google 之所以成功,原因在于它仰赖数百万向网站发布信息的用户来确定哪些网站提供的内容具有价值。 Google 不依赖一组编辑人员或仅仅根据某个词汇出现的频率来为每个网页评级,而是采用一项突破性技术,即 PageRank™。 PageRank 对一个网页所链接的所有网站进行评估,并为它们分配一个值(在一定程度上参照了与相应网站链接的网站)。 通过分析网络的整体结构,Google 能够确定哪些网站被最对其信息感兴趣的用户“票选”为最佳信息来源。 该技术也会随着网络规模不断增长而改善,因为每一个新网站将成为另一个信息点,同时也是另一张要记入的选票。

5. 获取信息的方式多种多样,不必非要坐在台式机前。

世界的流动性越来越快,人们很难再局限于一个固定的角落。 无论是通过 PDA,还是无线电话,甚至是在汽车里,人们都希望随时获得所需的信息。 Google 在这一领域开发了多种创新技术,其中包括 Google Number Search。通过这一技术,人们从具有上网功能的手机以及即时转换系统(将以 HTML 格式编写的网页转换为手机浏览器可以读取的格式)上查找数据时,可以大大减少键击次数。 借助于这一系统,人们能够从 Palm PDA、Japanese i-mode、J-Sky 和 EZWeb 等原先不能显示网页内容的设备上打开数十亿个网页,查看网页内容。 尽管搜索引擎在任何地方都可以帮助用户找到所需的信息,但 Google 仍然在不断地探索新技术并提供新的解决方案。

6. 不做坏事也能赚钱。

Google 是一个企业。 它通过以下两种方式来获取收入:向其他公司提供 搜索技术;向广告客户提供在 Google 和网络其他网站上投放 广告的服务。 然而,您可能从未在 Google 上看到过广告。 这是因为,除非广告与所显示的搜索结果页内容相关,否则 Google 不允许广告显示在我们的搜索结果页上。 因此,只有某些搜索才会在搜索结果的上方或右侧显示赞助商链接。 Google 坚信,只有当广告与您要查找的内容相关时,才会为您提供有用的信息。

Google 同样也证明了广告不必过分渲染也能够切实有效。 Google 不接受弹出式广告,因为这会干扰用户查看所请求的内容。 我们发现,文字广告 (AdWords) 的内容如果与用户阅读的内容相关,那么所带来的点击率要比随机显示的广告高得多。 Google 的优化小组会与广告客户合作提高广告系列在有效期内的点击率。因为点击率越高,表明广告与用户感兴趣内容的相关性越高。 广告客户可以通过我们的自助式广告服务计划,在数分钟内在线投放广告,也可以在 Google 广告服务代表的帮助下发布广告。但无论是哪种广告投放方式,任何规模的广告客户都可以充分发挥这一针对性强的媒介的优势。

在 Google 上刊登的广告总是明确地标记为“赞助商链接”。 不破坏搜索结果的完整性是 Google 的核心价值观。 我们绝对不会操纵排名位置来将我们的合作伙伴放在搜索结果中排名考前的位置。 没人可以购买更高的 PageRank(网页评级)。 我们的用户信任 Google 的客观公正性,任何短期利益都不能够成为破坏这种信任的理由。

成千上万的广告客户使用我们的 Google AdWords 计划来推广他们的产品,我们相信 AdWords 是同类计划中规模最大的一个。 此外,数千名网站管理人员使用我们的 Google AdSense 计划投放与网站内容相关的广告,借此增加收入和改善用户的体验。

7. 信息永无止境。

当 Google 索引中包含的互联网上的 HTML 网页超过任何其他搜索服务之后,我们的工程师开始将精力转到那些不太容易获得的信息上。 有时只是合并新数据库的问题,如添加电话号码、地址查询以及企业目录。 有时却需要更多的创造性工作,如增添可搜索超过 10 亿张图片的功能,或增添查看原始格式为 PDF 文件的网页方式。 由于 PDF 格式的大量使用,我们需要扩展所搜索的文件类型的列表,以支持使用 Microsoft Word、Excel 和 PowerPoint 等多种格式创建的文档。 为了满足无线用户的需要,Google 开发了一种独一无二的技术,可将 HTML 格式的文件转换为移动设备可读取的格式。 该列表维护工作不会就此终止,因为 Google 的研究人员将持续不断地探索新的方式,将全球范围内的所有信息提供给寻找答案的用户。

8. 信息需求,没有国界。

尽管 Google 的总部位于加利福尼亚州,但我们的办事处遍布全球,我们的宗旨是帮助全世界的用户获得所需的信息。 为了实现这一目标,我们维护着十多个互联网域;在我们所提供的搜索结果中,超过一半是提供给美国境外的用户。 用户可以根据自己的喜好,从 Google 支持的 35 种语言中任选一种来展示搜索结果。 此外,我们还提供翻译功能,无论用户的母语是哪种语言,都可以搜索到所需的内容;不喜欢使用英语搜索的用户可以有100 多种语言用来自定义 Google 界面。 为了更快地补充新语种,Google 为志愿者提供机会帮助做一些翻译工作,Google.com 网站上提供了供翻译使用的 自动工具。 这一流程大大改善了我们为用户(甚至位于地球上最偏远角落的用户)提供的服务多样性和质量。

9. 没有西装革履也可以很正经。

Google 的创始人一再强调公司所重视的惟有搜索。 他们秉承着“工作赋予挑战,挑战带来快乐”的理念创建了 Google。 正是由于这一点,Google 的企业文化不同于其他的美国公司,但这并不是因为公司里无所不在的熔岩灯和大健身球,也不在于公司的主厨曾为著名乐队 Grateful Dead 掌勺。 就像 Google 的线上服务始终将用户放在首位一样,Googleplex 总部的日常生活也是将自己的员工放在首位。 我们重视团队成绩,并以对促成公司全面成功的个人成就为荣。 于是,新的创意和想法不断以令人目眩的速度在彼此之间交流并投入实际应用。 其他公司的会议可能会占用几个小时,而在这里通常只要在排队购买午餐时,聊上几句就能解决;编程代码的人员和编写检查程序的人员之间也几乎不存在屏障。 这种畅所欲言的环境提高了员工的工作效率,并促进了员工之间的友情,而这种氛围又因为数百万的人们对 Google 搜索结果的信赖而变得更加浓厚。 您只要为想要有所作为的员工提供适当的工具,他们定然不负您的期望。

10. 没有最好,只有更好。

所提供的服务始终超出人们的预期。 Google 不会把最好看作是终点,而是全新的起点。 通过创新和反复探索,Google 选择行之有效的技术,并以异乎寻常的方式不断进行改进。 搜索对于拼写正确的文字没有问题,对于拼写错误的文字会怎样呢? 我们的工程师透视用户的需求并相应地开发错别字改正程序,就像知道用户在想什么一样。 在 WAP 手机上进行搜索时的时间太长? 我们的无线技术部门开发了 Google Number Search,将每个字母击键三次减少为只击一次。 尽管我们的客户群体数以百万计,Google 仍然能够迅速找到发生冲突的位置,随即加以解决。 但是,Google 与众不同的一点,就是在全球用户还未明确意识到自己的需求之前便能抢先做出周密考虑,并开发出富于创新的工具和产品来满足他们的需要。 这种永不满足现状的态度就是我们能成为世界上最佳搜索引擎背后的终极驱动力量。


* 全文更新: 在四年前我们首次写下“十大价值观”时,我们曾经说过,“Google 不做星座预测,不做财经咨询,也不做聊天”。 随着时间的推移,我们拓展了可以提供的服务范围(例如,网络搜索并不是人们访问或使用信息的唯一方式),还有那些当时看来似乎不可能的产品现在却已成为我们整个计划中至关重要的环节。 这并不是说我们改变了核心任务;只是我们越是朝这个目标前进,地平线上那些看似模糊的目标也变得越为清晰(当然,也会出现更模糊的目标。)

http://www.google.com/intl/zh-CN/corporate/tenthings.html

Google百度和谷歌的那些事

Google百度和谷歌的那些事

作者:virushuo 发表于 2010-01-14 22:01 最后更新于 2010-01-14 23:01
版权声明:可以任意转载,转载时请务必以超链接形式标明文章原始出处和作者信息及本声明
http://blog.devep.net/virushuo/2010/01/14/blog56google_blogtinyfool_1_go.html


很久不在这个blog上写和技术无关的东西了,尤其不想写跟业界有关的东西,觉得太空,太忽悠,对别人没价值。但这次,我想写写这5,6年对google和百度的一些观察心得。这里面,这里面存在大量的个人推论,我并不能担保完全正确,请只当作是一次思想的碰撞。

这篇blog主要由我完成,Tinyfool提出了大量修改意见,亦有重要贡献。

1 google,不作恶,信息流动

众所周知,google的目标是"整合全球信息"。从另外一个角度看来,这可以看作加快信息流动。信息流动变快是有巨大的经济价值的。加速,始终是人类经济活动的主线,快即是价值。从蒸汽时代到现在,每一次让移动速度加快的方式都造成了人类巨大的变化,只不过,在蒸汽和机械的时代,加快的是人和货物的移动,信息时代加快的是信息的流动。

仔细观察,可以发现,很多事情不再需要实体物质的流动。比如,我们不再需要人去送一封信,而只需传递一封电子邮件。我们也不那么需要去订阅一份报纸送上家门,而只需要浏览门户网站。这是信息时代带来的改变。而Google所做的,是继续加快这种信息流动的速度,让人们需要的东西更快的呈现在眼前。

Google始终坚持Pagerank排名,除了惩罚作弊者,并未干预过任何排名。这是因为,信息的正常流动才会加速,加速信息是Google的价值,也带来巨大的经济价值。Google绝对不允许把广告插入到搜索结果中。否则搜索结果质量会下降->用户不满意->搜索量降低->广告点击降低,最终仍然造成收入下降。(后面我们会讲到百度完全不同的做法)

投放过Adword的同学会发现,并非价格越高越好,就算单价非常高,如果匹配度很低,广告点击率就会很低。这样Google仍然会降低这种匹配的出现频率。这样就避免了在A在B的搜索结果中投放"我是B"的广告来误导用户。

在这个体系下,有用的东西就是有用的,信息流动会变快,Google会推动这种信息变的更快,没用的东西就是垃圾,会阻碍信息流动,Google就让他变的更慢,直到被放弃。

Don’t be evil 这句口号,可以理解为东欧出生的布林对人生的追求,也可以理解为Google商业利益的准则。因为,越是不作恶,越是让信息有序,正常的流动,给Google带来的实际利益也就越大。很多人认为这只是一句作秀的口号,事实上这是商业和个人追求的双重准则。

2 baidu,竞价排名,Google

百度显然看到了搜索的巨大价值,于是挤进了这个市场。我们且不论搜索质量,先看百度的利润来源。

百度同样有右侧广告(类似Adsense)和左侧排名。左侧排名就是所谓的竞价排名,这是百度的"创新"。竞价排名是百度收入的主要来源(注1)。

前面说过,竞价排名会干扰用户搜索体验,这大家都深有体验,某些热门关键词,百度前几页的结果都是竞价结果。那么为什么Google不敢这样做,而百度这样做就赚翻了呢?

昨天我在twitter上说过一句话:"adsense是促使信息有序流动并盈利,竞价排名是破坏信息流动并盈利。也难怪两个公司的人看问题截然不同。"

很多人有体验,如果你的搜索结果比较靠前,百度会有销售来找你做竞价排名,如果不做的话,很快你的搜索结果就骤减。这种"巧合"正好说明了阻碍信息流动也是可以盈利的。换言之,帮助别人照看孩子可以赚钱,威胁别人家孩子来收保护费也可以赚钱。

那么,按照前面的说法,阻碍信息流动的应该会被用户抛弃,在百度这边为什么情况相反呢?

搜索引擎的结果好坏实际很难评价,通常来说,"好10%"是完全没有意义的。这在这个市场上反复被证实,仅仅让搜索结果比对方好10%,或差10%,不会对用户体验影响太大。第二梯队中的搜狗,有道,搜索结果未必真的比百度差多少,但无论如何也无法翻身。同样的竞争也发生在了Google,Bing,Yahoo之间。换言之,搜索引擎产品是一种先入为主的产品。

在百度起家的年代,Google遭遇了最严重的屏蔽。大家应该都有体验,在大公司内基本无法正常访问Google。我们且不去讨论这种屏蔽的始作俑者是否是百度(无论百度是否加快了这种行为,最终的结果也必然发生)。那几年,又正好是中国互联网用户增长最快的年代(注2)。大量的新互联网用户直接成为了百度的用户。

搜索引擎市场上,"获得第一批用户"是至关重要的。

比较百度和Google的产品和收购策略,百度通常收购能带来巨大流量的产品,包括hao123,天空软件站等等。而Google收购的通常是具有独特的技术,可产生独特数据的产品,比如Analytics,blogger。

百度的主要企业运营行为是围绕"获得第一批用户"的。这些方法包括:工具条,hao123,和软件下载站合作等等。Google被屏蔽看作这种行为的反向手法,无论是否百度造就的,至少这个结果导致了百度获得了更多的第一批用户。

在一个基本没有竞争对手的市场上,百度可以"挟流量以令诸侯",这时候,他破坏一部分信息正常流动也不会造成太严重的后果。因为用户毫无比较。

Google的铁杆用户分为两类。一类是早期用户,这部分用户用过Google,也用过百度。有明确的比较和鉴别能力。他们最终选择了Google。另外一类是专业用户,他们真的发现百度找不到他们需要的东西。这时候Google对比百度的优势大大增加,到达了用户满意程度的临界点,于是这部分用户也选择了Google。

在中国互联网上,大部分用户偏重娱乐。这些用户很难分辨Google和百度的区别。甚至他们会觉得百度更好一些,因为百度提供了方便无比的MP3搜索。他们一旦先尝试了百度,那么就会留下,继续成为百度的用户。这就是我们今天看到的样子。

3 谷歌做了什么

2006年,Google决定开设中国办公室,并命名为谷歌。这是Google创始以来,最大胆,也是最小心的尝试。他们从来没有过试图进入一个需要过滤某些内容的国家(如前所述,这是阻碍信息流动,同时也背叛了Google的价值观)。

我们可以从一些细节看到Google的小心翼翼。比如,Google.cn是没有Google Account的。用户不能注册,也就没有密码,因此也就没有泄密之忧。后来有人嘲笑谷歌音乐可以用各种帐号登录,但就是不能用Google Account登录。所有需要登录的Google服务都没有进入中国。包括Gmail,Gtalk,Blogger等等等。

Google从进入中国那一天,就给自己设置好了底限。这种底限,就是李开复所说的"总部压力"。

李开复的谷歌,是谷歌,绝不是Google。是一个像百度的外企。

3个字可以来概括谷歌几年的工作:"倒流量"。倒流量的工作由一系列的合作(迅雷,sina,天涯,265)完成。这和Google的传统做法完全不同,Google几乎不去主动谋求流量,产品质量会解决所有问题。但谷歌必须谋求流量,一个急进,喜欢去大学讲座和写书的职业经理人,不会有创始人那样的耐心慢慢的守着一个市场。这让谷歌越来越像百度。

众所周知,用和对手一样的手段不可能打倒对手。

谷歌推出的最重量级产品,是谷歌音乐。这显然是看到了百度在MP3搜索上获得的好处,意图获得以娱乐为主的用户。当然,鉴于Google全球的品牌,这些音乐需要有版权。我不评价这个产品的好坏,但这显然和Google总部习惯格格不入。难道Google不知道去做一个音乐下载产品吗?难道Google不能去做一个下载站吗?总部不去做,只不过是因为这和价值观不符。

同样的价值观不符,还包括和天涯合作的来吧。之前说过,除了独特的数据,Google不会主动创造内容。以Google的胸怀,可以去索引百度贴吧和知道,并放在结果的显著位置,但没必要自己去模仿一个贴吧出来。这种竞争的水平太低了。

甚至,谷歌把中国访问Google.com的流量"劫持"到了Google.cn,以便提高自己的"占有率"。这件事让很多Google老用户恼火,Zola曾经在某个李开复参与的活动中举手提问,如何才能在中国正常的访问Google.com。

"倒流量"之后,谷歌的市场占有率有所上升。这是应该的。不过,新上升的占有率中,有多少是真正的搜索流量就不得而知了。正如百度搜索和贴吧等产品的比值是个秘密一样。

百度跟在Google后面,而谷歌跟在百度后面。

除了倒流量,谷歌也在"抓收入"。

投放过Adsense的朋友,大概会记得,Adsense的匹配质量越来越差,医疗方面的内容也越来越多。之前经常有人因为作弊被封掉帐号,后来再也没人说过自己的帐号被封。

我07年的两篇blog提到了这件事:
对不起,这是谷歌,不是google
去掉了blog上的google adsense

这两个特点都不是Google Adsense应有的特性。Google Adsense应该是匹配准,不干扰用户,且提供有用信息。时常读英文内容的人会时常看到Adsense广告的匹配相当精确,时而有点击的必要。

离开了这两个特点,可以把谷歌的广告看作一个大的广告联盟。这和拿了很多小网站的Banner的流量去找广告主谈价本质是一样的。在这种广告销售策略下,不需要匹配,不需要杜绝点击欺诈。最舍得花钱投这种广告的,无非是医疗,美容几类。

这几类是最赚钱的部分。不仅对于谷歌,对于百度,甚至对电视台都是一样的。

关于Adsense的故事,可以看看Tiny这篇文章 :我和Google Adsense那点故事

在这5年中,最常被记者们提起的"谷歌困境"就是"总部压力"。在我列出的这些部分,都已经触及到了Google价值观,所以Google必然不满。

有兴趣的同学可以对比一下2005~2010这5年,Google做了什么,谷歌做了什么。你会看到截然不同的项目。虽然结果看起来似乎都是:"市场份额增加,收入增加",Google在这几年,砸实了搜索的基础,扩大了搜索的内容来源和范围,把索引伸向了非数字内容,完成了地图/卫星图/Earth/街景等一系列重要产品,完成了在移动和3G方面的布局。谷歌做了什么呢?音乐,热榜,还有一个抄袭的输入法。

从谷歌存在的那天,我就写过一篇文章,核心意思是:要么把中国当作研发基地,投资,研发,但不运营,要么就干脆去印度开分公司。不幸言中。

4 孙云丰的观点

从商业价值和经济利益方面考量,都可以看出Google的不作恶,并不是作秀的口号。对于一个靠信息有序化赚钱的公司,必须要不作恶才行。百度正好相反,必须要作恶才行。

Google是幸福的,可以把商业价值建立在一个正确的价值观之上。这确实是可遇不可求的机会。很不幸,百度不行。

孙云丰的言论是无法自圆其说的。一方面,他认为Google不是人权斗士,只是个为了利润的市侩分子。另一方面,他又高举社会公平的大旗,宣称百度的道德感。这两者之间有明确的冲突。如果Google只为了利润,那么百度同样不应该有道德可言。

一方面,他宣称自己观点毫无错误,另一方面,他又删掉了自己的文章。有人说删贴未必是他自己的意愿。那么,作为宣称"有道德感"的百度员工,他不应该屈从别人的意见删掉自己认为正确的东西。作为百度高管,不应该允许百度公关去打电话要求别人删贴。

今天有一些百度员工为孙云丰辩护,这些说法同样无法自圆其说。试图证明百度是一家很好的公司,并不能证明孙云丰说的正确。正如纳粹德国有一支很有战斗力的军队,并不能证明希特勒是正义的。他们甚至自相矛盾,认为孙云丰对竞争对手恶言相对是正确的,其他人骂孙云丰是错。如果孙云丰代表自己骂了一家公司,该公司的用户有权回击。如果孙云丰代表百度,那他严重的缺乏职业道德。从任何角度,我也得不出百度员工和前员工的那些结论。

当然,我从来也没认为过百度是一家很糟糕的公司,甚至很多次认为百度正在逐渐变成一家有责任感的公司。遗憾的是,从高管到员工,似乎都没和这家公司一样完成这种转变。

不要以为这次事件打击了Google在中国的份额就幸灾乐祸,事实上,中国的互联网市场消失了。这和市场份额无关,和宏观形势有关。这个国家温情脉脉的互联网时代就此结束,就好比IT精英们看不起的那些传统生意人一样,慢慢被兼并,重组,消亡,剩下的那一点,会被扫倒利润微薄的边边角角。就好比,你家楼下菜市场那个可怜的菜农,守着那一点点收入,还要担心城管。这是这个行业中每个人的悲剧。

Tinyfool说:百度的矛盾在于,Google的成功是他在全世界资本市场受宠的原因,但他们可能无时无刻不想google死掉会更好。在全世界范围内,这是不可能出现的,现在在中国出现了,他们真的会高兴吗?

Google给我们的最大价值,除了信息流动加速,就是信息永存。当我写完这篇blog,发布在我的blog上,按下"发布"之后的几分钟,各种蜘蛛就会蜂拥而至,把这篇文章复制若干次,存在这世界的各个角落。这文章即永存。无法被某个组织控制或删除,也无法阻止其流动。公关公司不行,某个国家政府也不行。孙云丰的言论,和百度其他员工的言论,也将和这篇文章一样,被永存,成为历史的一部分。这是我们热爱Google的原因。

现在,我要按下发布按钮了。

Chinese students, come to ECSEL for free!中国学生免费美国社会性企业大会

In April 2010, the ECSEL 2010 Program will bring Chinese students to the United States for a weeklong program designed to assist aspiring social entrepreneurs on their path to building businesses that create positive change.
About the Clinton Global Initiative University

Building on the successful model of the Clinton Global Initiative, which brings together world leaders to take action on global challenges, President Clinton launched the Clinton Global Initiative University (CGI U) in 2007 to engage the next generation of leaders on college campuses around the world.

Each year, CGI U hosts a meeting for students, national youth organizations, and university officials to discuss solutions to pressing global issues. The third annual CGI U Meeting will be held at the University of Miami from April 16-18, 2010. At this meeting, nearly 1,500 attendees will come together to make a difference in CGI U’s five focus areas: Education, Environment & Climate Change, Peace, Poverty Alleviation, and Public Health.

CGI U is more than just an event. It is a growing community of young leaders who don’t just discuss the world’s challenges — they take real, concrete steps toward solving them. Throughout the year, and as a prerequisite of attending the CGI U meeting, students, youth directors, and university officials develop their own Commitments to Action: a specific plan of action that addresses a pressing challenge on their campus, in their community, or in a different part of the world.Commitments range from installing energy-efficient light bulbs to establishing campus bike share programs, from distributing life-saving water filtration kits to designing medical backpacks for nomadic doctors in Africa. Since the inaugural meeting, nearly 2,000 commitments have been made.

To learn more about CGI U, visit http://cgiu.clintonglobalinitiative.org/Page.aspx?pid=1871

What is Social Enterpise?

The field of Social Enterpise is about understanding how social and environmental problems can be solved through a business approach. In other words, it is about creating businesses whose product, service or business model has a powerful positive effect on our world.

There are a lot of different ways to solve a problem. Sometimes, it is best to form a charity organization. Other times, it is best to gather the power of the community. In others, the best solution is for the government to intervene.

However, sometimes the most effective solution to a problem is to create a business. Take the example of TOM’s Shoes. This is from the TOM’s Shoes website:

“In 2006 an American traveler, Blake Mycoskie, befriended children in Argentina and found they had no shoes to protect their feet. Wanting to help, he created TOMS Shoes, a company that would match every pair of shoes purchased with a pair of new shoes given to a child in need. One for One. Blake returned to Argentina with a group of family, friends and staff later that year with 10,000 pairs of shoes made possible by caring TOMS customers.

Since our beginning, TOMS has given over 150,000* pairs of shoes to children in need through the One for One model. Because of your support, TOMS plans to give over 300,000 pairs of shoes to children in need around the world in 2009.”

TOM’s could have started as a simple charity, getting money from donors and using that money to buy shoes. But, by using a business model instead of a charity, TOM’s was able to give away many more shoes, and the model is self-sustaining.

The best way to understand social enterprise is to learn about examples of specific businesses. Visit the “Examples” link to the left to hear about other exemplary social enterprises.

中文版:
010年4月,ECSEL 2010将支持中国学生前往美国参与一个为期一周的项目,其初衷是协助有理想的社会创业者们实现能创造社会改变的商业创意。这个项目分为两部分:

首先,我们将在加州旧金山附近的太平洋大学全球社会创业中心(GCSE)参加一个2天的定制工作坊。该工作坊让学生有机会接触在美国,中国和世界各地产生过积极的社会环境影响的前沿企业和机构领导者。学生将从他们的经历中学习并讨论社会环境问题怎样可以在中国有效地应对。学生们将前往旧金山访问一些在清洁能源,发展问题等领域有影响力的机构和组织。

之后,我们将前往佛罗里达州迈阿密参加2010克林顿全球倡议大学会议(CGI-U)。由克林顿总统在任期结束后亲自创建的基金会发起了这个会议,汇集1500名来自美国及世界各地的学生探讨世界面临的重大挑战以及每个人可以如何创造改变。学生们将与来自美国及世界各地的优秀学生以及商界、政坛和社会领域的卓越人物进行交流。

Go to this website and find more http://ecsel2010.com/about